Rosacea is a chronic condition that primarily affects the central face. It is characterised by:
- Tendency to flush and blush
- Facial redness
- Broken capillaries
- Episodes of inflammation
- Swelling, which can be intermittent or persistent
The disorder is more common in fair skinned, young-middle aged women and develops slowly over time, gradually worsening if not treated. In some people, especially men, thickening and lumpiness may develop on the nose, which may appear swollen (rhinophyma). The eyes may also be
involved resulting in grittiness, redness and irritation.
The cause of rosacea is unknown. Although various theories have implicated bacteria, mites, a fungus, a disturbance of connective tissue under the skin, or psychological factors, none have been proven. It seems likely that there is no single cause of rosacea and that it develops in individuals who are susceptible due to a variety of factors such as heredity, skin colour, skin structure, and immune response.
Factors that can aggravate rosacea include:
- Hot liquids
- Spicy foods
- Sun exposure
- Extremes of temperature
- Emotional influences
- Certain medications
Although there is no cure for rosacea at present, various treatments can reduce or eliminate the symptoms of rosacea, and may slow or even stop its progression.In general, patients should avoid factors that produce facial flushing or irritate the skin.
Various treatments, both topical and oral, can be used to control redness and reduce the number of papules and pustules. A combination of treatments may sometimes be required.
Generally, only gentle cleansers and moisturisers should be used on the face, in combination with a low irritant sunscreen. Agents containing alcohol or other irritating ingredients should be avoided.
Vascular lasers can be used to eliminate redness and broken capillaries, reduce pore size and improve skin texture. However, these changes can recur over time (generally years), particularly if flushing triggers are not avoided.
Resurfacing or Fractional lasers or surgery can also be used to correct the nose enlargement in people with rhinophyma.
Other conditions treated with laser (Epidermal and Dermal):
- Solar Lentigines
- Solar Lentigo
- Cafe Au Lait
- Hori's Nevi
- Nevus of Ota
- Mongolian Spots
- Tyndell Effect (post filler treatment)
- Urticaria pigmented lesions
- Keratoris Pilaris
- Telangiectasia (red blood vessels)
- Laser Test Patch – 35.00
All treatment prices vary depending on diagnosis